Module 4 – Assignment 1

Disruption, Technology and the Classroom Teacher

 

Disruption of the Definition

For years, teachers in many Jamaican classrooms have struggled with how to view and to incorporate technology in the classroom (Virtue, 2015). To be frank, up until most recently, the only word most teachers would have used to describe modern electronic gadgets in the classroom is disruptive.   It is that reality that makes this reflection such an experience of irony. In the space of this reflection, disruptive technologies in the classroom hold promise not dread; they  represent possibilities not limitations, and they facilitate learning and not hinder it (Flavin, 2012).

sixthsense2

Fonseca (2014) outlines that a disruptive technology is “ a new emerging technology that unexpectedly displaces an established one”.  The potential power of disruptive technologies is captured by Radcliffe (2014), who describes disruptive technology as “technology that significantly alters the way that businesses operate. A disruptive technology may force companies to alter the way that they approach their business, risk losing market share or risk becoming irrelevant.”   In a similar way, disruptive technologies like SixthSense have the power to alter the way the classroom operates.

sixth_sense_device_componentssixthsense3

SixthSense® is a wearable computer system that allows for seamless integration of and interaction between the physical environment and the world of digital information (Mistry, 2010). The interaction is facilitated through gesture-based movement with the aid of a small camera, projector, and mirror (Gupta and  Sharma, 2012). This one-stop-shop technology displaces the need to have a cell phone,  digital camera and a projector all at the same time. In the classroom it threatens the need for the laptop computer  and creates a space where all these devices culminate in a not too large pendant around the neck.

Disruption of Social Experience

From a constructivist perspective, where learning is a social construct (Kafai & Resnick, 1996), there are a number of social benefits to be derived from using SixthSense in the classroom. Kloucek (2010), cites benefits such as improved collaboration among students, greater levels of information sharing among teachers and students and improved relationship building as some of the immediate benefits of implementing SixthSense.  Shetty & Rai (2014) have even suggested that the use of technology can facilitate greater levels of communication for persons who cannot speak.  This has implication for the success of mixed abilities and differentiated classrooms. Because SixthSense allows of integration of digital and real-world experience it fosters interaction in a way that is apposite to the self-focussed tendencies of other current technology (Kloucek, 2010).

sixthsense1

If ever a single technology had the potential of changing the leadership dynamic and the power relations in the classroom, then SixthSense would be it.  The fact that all the basic 21st century teaching tools have been collapsed into one pendant that every student in a class can where around their neck,  means that the students can fully take control of the learning experience.  Through this technology students can fully own their learning and the teacher can take a true facilitatory role – guide on the side. They don’t even have responsibility of managing the technology used in the space.

Disruption of the Disruption?

It is difficult to say when and how SixthSense will be made obsolete. One of its challenges is that it has taken quite a long time to experience the kind or level of diffusion that technology like the multi-media projector enjoys in education.  This makes SixthSense still an emerging technology, and that the makes risk of obsolescence high.  In his video Disruptive Technologies, Dr David Thornburg recounts how transistor technology replaced the vacuum tube forever. The same is possible for SixthSense if more is not done to facilitate its full emergence.  All in all, I say my own sixth sense gives SixthSense approximately five more years on the market.

 

Reference

Gupta, M., & Sharma, S. (2012). Virtual Class room using six sense Technology. IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering (IOSRJCE) Volume, 6.

Flavin, M. (2012). Disruptive technologies in higher education. Research in Learning Technology, 20.

Fonseca, M. (2014). Disruptive Technology Examples: 12 Of The Best Disruptive Technologies. Intelligent Head Quarters. Retrieved 21 October 2016, from http://www.intelligenthq.com/technology/12-disruptive-technologies/  

Kafai, Y. B., & Resnick, M. (1996). Constructionism in practice: Designing, thinking, and learning in a digital world. Routledge.

Kloucek, T. (2010). SixthSense for the Classroom by Tom Kloucek. YouTube. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l7VWYFZCEjg

Laureate Education (Producer). (2014a). David Thornburg: Disruptive technologies [Video file]. Baltimore,MD: Author.

Mistry, P. (2010). SixthSense – a wearable gestural interface (MIT Media Lab). Pranavmistry.com. Retrieved from http://www.pranavmistry.com/projects/sixthsense/

Mooneegan, V. (2016). Technology Disruption | Vidia Mooneegan | TEDxPlainesWilhems. YouTube. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pk9RVBwiFbM

Radcliffe, B. (2014). Disruptive Technology. Investopedia. Retrieved from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/disruptive-technology.asp

TED India. (Producer). (2009). The thrilling potential of SixthSense technology [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.ted.com/talks/pranav_mistry_the_thrilling_potential_of_sixthsense_technology.html

Virtue, E. (2015,  July 26). Schools Ponder Cell Phone Policy! The Gleaner. Retrieved from http://jamaica-gleaner.com/article/news/20150726/schools-ponder-cell-phone-policy

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4 thoughts on “Module 4 – Assignment 1

  1. Gene,
    SixthSense seems so unreal to me. There are many companies that depend on education to use their products. Having a projector, laptop, keyboard, etc, all in one would be ideal for a teacher. Students taking ownership in their learning is something we all want to happen. I can see SixthSense replacing iPads, Chromebooks, etc. Thanks for sharing.
    Victoria

    Liked by 1 person

  2. You are most welcome Victoria

    Its very interesting to see think of the possibilities for technology like SixthSense. I am also sure that at some point in history, they scientists and technologists like ourselves will find a way to make this technology more “wearable”.

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  3. SixthSense is a very cool innovation! Your comment about “the fact that all the basic 21st century teaching tools have been collapsed into one pendant” really resonated with me. This is an excellent example of technological convergence where different technologies evolve into a single device that serves multiple functions. Smartphones are another great example of this.

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  4. Gen,
    Great discussion on SixthSense technologies. And, I understand that some teachers may feel that integrating technology in the classroom can be disruptive. However, that may be a reflection of the manner in which the technology is delivered to the classroom environment. You mentioned that with this new technology called SixthSense, a pendant has the potential to replace a book plus more for the student in the classroom. Over time, technology devices get smaller and smaller. And , integrating a pendant in the pedagogical process for each student in a classroom, could prove to be challenging for the less mature student. What do you think?
    ~ Renee

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